“From a fund management perspective, the risk with brokers will certainly be reduced, possibly denting what is a currently sizable market.”
Liquidnet, the global institutional investment network that connects asset managers with liquidity, has come forward to help the industry prepare for T+1 settlement in the United States, which is expected to go live on May 28, 2024.
T+1 Settlement is expected to provide several benefits, including efficacy, risk mitigation, and reduction in margin requirements which frees up capital.
As for industry participants, they are likely to review and enhance operational processes and aim for STP/real-time processing of allocations/settlements. Liquidnet says it will look to leverage FIX/CTM for allocations.
The key processing changes include:
- All industry processing deadlines moved up by approximately 24hrs
- DTCC/NSCC will consume record later to T
- Affirmation/disaffirmation moved for 5:00pm T+1 to 9:00pm on T
- Transactions will need to be approved on RAD prior to the stat of the proposed 11:30pm ET
- CNS buy-ins will remain 48hrs/two (2) business days
- Testing Specifications
Liquidnet trades in 46 equity markets for over 1000 institutional investment firms who collectively manage US$33 trillion in equity and fixed income assets.
Jeffrey O’Connor, Head Of Market Structure, Americas, At Liquidnet, commented on this tectonic shift coming in 2024.
“On May 28, 2024, US equity trades will settle the next day. With under a year to go, it’s a good time to check in on some of the themes and operational changes that will need to occur. Importantly, the onus will not just be on the broker/dealer community to comply – as with the SEC’s Market Structure Proposal Changes – but a whole host of market participants will need to exercise implementation and testing to processes prior to the go-live.
We were provided with significant exposure in 2021 with regards to settlement and how it relates to margin, operational, and counterparty risk — which was front and center as the new SEC regime took hold. Different than the aforementioned Market Structure Proposals, this initiative seems to have broad support. Organizations such as The Securities and Financial Markets Association (SIFMA), The Investment Company Institute (ICI), and the Depository Trust and Clearing Corporation (DTCC) are all working together to forge the path forward from a two- to one-day settle.
Remember, we’ve all adjusted to shortened settles in the past, most recently from T+3 to T+2 in 2017, so there’s no reason to think this can’t go smoothly. As previously mentioned, industry support is there as a more efficient market can be attained while reducing operational cost and counterparty risk.
One question to keep in mind, however, is: Why would we stop at T+1?
Doesn’t the obvious goal of T+0 equate to the least amount of systemic risk within the system, i.e., if you have the money: buy it, if you don’t: don’t. The operational adjustments will be made — and have been before — but it is a major jump through hoops to align processes, systems, etc. to comply with the new timeframe — Will the final requirement come again a couple of years down the road? It seems possible if the most complete transparency of monies is the goal.
There are some operational specifics below but something not mentioned in the business media, although worth consideration, is impact to the swaps market — where the goal is to have the broker/dealer carry the risk to execute on a strategy. From a fund management perspective, the risk with brokers will certainly be reduced, possibly denting what is a currently sizable market.
Complications of settlement rises significantly for international traders. Typically, international accounts don’t allocate until T+1 — delaying allocations, matching, and getting set up.
Do operations get moved from the executing region to local? If they allocate 2am local, are they waiting until 8am EST for allocation execution?
Is moving clients to central trade matching (CTM) the immediate goal for broker/dealers? Will there be a move to FIX allocations via Tag 1?
Does every client need an omnibus account?”